News > Iranian National "High Blood Pressure Control" campaign kicked off in Zahedan University of Medical Sciences
Report from: ZAUMS Non-Communicable Diseases Control Department
Published on: 17 May 2019
High blood pressure (hypertension) is one of our nation’s most significant health issues. Between 1990 and 2016, the prevalence of hypertension in Iran has tripled (Figure 1). Annually, approximately 97,000 Iranian people die from high blood pressure complications, which is more than six times the annual road traffic death toll.
According to a national survey in 2016, an estimated one in three Iranians 30 years and older have high blood pressure. Currently,15 million Iranians are estimated as having high blood pressure, but only 60% of them are aware of their condition. Moreover, only half of the patients receive medication for controlling their disease, and only 19% have their blood pressure under control (Figure 2). Although there is no cure for high blood pressure, it can be managed effectively. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to heart disease, stroke, heart attack, kidney disease and other serious health problems.
Figure 1- Deaths attributable to high blood pressure in Iran, 1990-2017, Both sexes, all ages
In order to reduce heart disease, strokes, and other debilitating disease, controlling blood pressure is one thing that has tremendous potential to save lives and improve well-being. Therefore, the Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education has planned to launch a high blood pressure control campaign. This is the nation"s biggest blood pressure testing event, which runs from May17 to July 6 2019. Putting emphasis on informing the community about the importance of every adult knowing their most vital statistic - their blood pressure, the theme of the campaign is: "High Blood Pressure, Know & Act".
The campaign seeks to encourage the public to get their blood pressure checked. The event provides free blood pressure checks at all health centers’ health posts, private and public hospitals, and pharmacies, and also at thousands of "Blood Pressure Screening Stations" run by health professionals and trained Community Health Volunteers (CHVs) all over the country. People can receive a free blood pressure check and information at those stations. The target population in this campaign includes: all people 30 years and older, pregnant women, and patients with chronic renal diseases. On May 17th, on the occasion of the World Blood Pressure Day, a web-based “Blood Pressure Self-Reporting System” and blood pressure record was launched at salamat.gov.ir This website helps individuals to record their blood pressure using their personal National ID.
Figure 2- Hypertension care cascade in Islamic Republic of Iran
The campaign also aims to raise awareness of the risk factors and the devastating complications of uncontrolled high blood pressure. It underscores the importance of controlling the condition, and urges patients with high blood pressure to work with their doctor to fully control and appropriately manage their blood pressure.
Addressing the risk factors for high blood pressure, the campaign also aims to encourage lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet, exercising, consuming less salt, avoiding drinking alcohol, and losing weight if overweight. For many people, lifestyle changes are sufficient to control blood pressure. For others, medication is required.Fortunately, nationally produced inexpensive medications exist in Iran, which are effective when taken as prescribed.
The specific objectives of the campaign include:
- Measuring the blood pressure of at least 50% of people 30 years and older (approximately 20 million people)
- Identifying those with high blood pressure (estimated 2 million people)
- Initiating the treatment and care of hypertension in 50% of people diagnosed with high blood pressure (approximately 1 million people)
- An increase in community awareness of the major risk factors for high blood pressure (salt intake, physical inactivity, obesity, lipid disorders, smoking and alcohol)
- An increase in community awareness of the major consequences of high blood pressure (heart attacks, stroke, premature death)
- An increase in community awareness of the importance of early detection and controlling hypertension
As part of a national movement, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences has embarked on launching the campaign. A wide range of activities have been planned to achieve the campaign objectives. Some of these activities include:
The Board of Executives meeting chaired by Chancellor of Zahedan University discussing the implementation of the campaign
Briefing session chaired by Vice Chancellor for Health, ZAUMS, addressing the district health manager via video conferencing
Intersectoral coordination meeting on implementing the campaign
Governor General of Sistan & Baluchestan Province and provincial managers joining the National High Blood Pressure Control Campaign
Raising awareness at Friday Payer events, urging the general public and the religious figures to take part in the campaign
Holding a press conference, addressing the media on campaign objectives
Training session held for health-related Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) interested in particpating in the campaign
Training session held for factory & workshop directors, occupational health medical doctors and officers, urging them to have the workers blood pressures checked during the campaign
Copyright © 2019 Zahedan University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved. Date updated: 17/05/2019.
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|Date : 18/05/2019 13:44
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